May 17th was declared as World Hypertension day way back in 2005. This day was chosen to spread awareness about the causes, prevention, and cure of this disease. The number of people suffering from hypertension will rise to 1.56 billion by 2025 across the world. An astonishing 20% of world population will suffer from this disease, this data will increase anyone’s blood pressure!! Let us come together to make a movement of banishing hypertension.
What is hypertension?
Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood against the walls of blood vessels and the magnitude of this force depends on the cardiac output and the resistance of the blood vessels. Normal blood pressure varies according to age. If average blood pressure reading of an individual is 150/90, then it is considered as the high BP.
A single reading of BP cannot be taken as standard value and one should check regularly at different times of the day for at least 15 days before arriving at any conclusion.
A diagnosis of hypertension may be made when one or both readings as shown below are high:
High blood pressure can also be secondary to other conditions. For example – kidney disease may lead to hypertension and in this case, treating the disease will normalize the blood pressure.
Hypertension by itself does not have symptoms but in the long-term leads to complications caused by narrowing of blood vessels.
Causes of hypertension
Symptoms of hypertension
Dizziness, headache, sleeplessness, chest pain, frequent urination, tiredness is some of the symptoms and all these are not necessarily seen in single person.
Hypertension is called the’ silent killer’ as it does not show any symptom for a long duration but causes a lot of damage before we realise.
Complications of hypertension
If hypertension is not detected early it may create bigger risks of health like heart failure, stroke, kidney failure, aneurysm or bulging of blood vessels are the main complications. Sometimes, rupture of blood vessels in the eyes can occur as well.Many health conditions are related to this so do not take it lightly get treated and try to find a permanent cure.
Methods of treatment
Modern medicines have been developed which can keep blood pressure under control but to cure it completely, alternate therapies like Yoga, Naturopathy and Ayurveda go a long way.
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